Making Health and Development a Reality for the people of India
Disaster Management
Overview

VHAI’s efforts towards the sustainable rehabilitation and overall development of the communities since more than a decade after Indian Ocean Tsunami, Gujarat earthquake, Orissa Super cyclone, Kashmir earthquake, Bhopal Gas Tragedy have received high appreciation from the various stakeholders.

Although we cannot mitigate the disasters, VHAI’s presence in the disaster affected communities helped reduce the sufferings and initiate a long-term development programme in the affected zones.

Since the Tsunami hit the Kollam and Alappy districts of Kerala, VHAI in association with the State partner Kerala VHS worked towards the relief and rehabilitation of the affected communities. The efforts have not only provided them with relief but also helped them to plan long-term economic sustenance.

As a sustainability measure there have been through out efforts towards the capacity building of the community enabling them to manage all development initiatives with little or no support and assisting them in turning the disaster into development.
VHAI’s Relief and Rehabilitation work for J&K Flood Victims
(28th October – 2nd November 2014)

Introduction
In September 2014, due to torrential monsoon rains, the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir has faced the worst floods in half a century. From 2nd September 2014, the state of Jammu and Kashmir and adjoining areas received heavy rainfall, during last stage of monsoon in India. This influenced triggered flooding, landslides and house collapses in Jammu and Kashmir. The areas affected by the flood were mostly districts in South Kashmir, which include Anantnag, Sopore, Pulwama, Baramulla, & Budgam and Srinagar the worst hit capital city.

VHAI initiated the relief work immediately after the floods to provide immediate support to the affected families. In the second phase of the flood relief work, three members from the Central Office of VHAI visited the most flood-affected areas to provide immediate support to the affected families in these areas. The most affected areas included the islands villages in Dal Lake, Srinagar namely Tind Mohalla, Ball Mohalla and Akhooni Mohalla and one district in South Kashmir i.e Pulwama. VHAI team aimed at providing immediate emergency support to 250 families

The proposed locations of Island Villages, Dal Lake, Srinagar and Pulwama district have been chosen as they are among the worst affected and need urgent relief assistance. These areas are those, where the relief has not yet reached or is still taking time to reach. The above locations were also selected based on the initial assessment of the situation and identifying most vulnerable populations in hard to reach, inaccessible areas which not be getting access to state government relief.

The total population of Island Villages, Dal Lake is approx 40,000, out of which VHAI covered 250 families in islands of Tinda Mohalla, Balla Mohalla, Kand Mohalla and Akhoon Mohalla, out of 5500 population of identified villages.
VHAI Intervention: Orissa Cyclone Phailin 2013

About Orissa Cyclone Phailin:
It was quite heartbreaking that the very severe cyclonic storm “Phailin” hit coastal Odisha & Andhra Pradesh causing severe devastation in the areas during night of 12th October 2013. This is one of the severe cyclonic storm ever hit coastal India in last 14 years after 1999 super cyclone. The cyclone that struck on 12th night near Gopalpur of Ganjam district left a trail of destruction, bringing heavy rain and causing floods. The worst-hit districts are Ganjam, Puri, Khordha and Gajapati districts of Odisha. It has damaged the villages and farmlands of coastline of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh. Cyclone Phailin and floods have affected a total of 12 million people in the state of Odisha and damaged standing paddy crops of 6.2 lakh hectares. Heavy rain brought by cyclone Phailin that hit the state coast during the same saturday night triggered floods also in Balasore, Mayurbhanj, Jajpur and Bhadrak districts.

VHAI Interventions:

  1. Mobilization of two teams immediately to the worst affected communities of Ganjam and Jagatsinghpur districts.
  2. Provision of immediate medical relief, which seems to be an area of considerable need due to inadequate outreach of the government facilities. Special focus was paid to the expectant women, children and the elderly population.
  3. An appropriate need assessment was done of the vulnerable families, i.e. women headed households, elderly people, vulnerable children and adolescents as well as physically and mentally challenged.
  4. Detailed dialogue with the local Administration about their relief & rehabilitation plan and to ensure that it reaches the most deserving pockets and provided assistance to the families and the communities in filling of the forms that were needed for entitlement of these facilities.
  5. Both the teams were accompanied by doctors. They were located in our already existing offices at Ganjam and Kholikote. Volunteers and supervisors who have detailed local knowledge of the community and the extremely good rapport with the communities assisted them.
Aparajita Andamans


Since the devastating tsunami of 2004, VHAI has been working in Andaman and Nicobar Islands to rebuild the life and livelihoods of the affected communities and strengthening their coping mechanism to face future disasters. In the process of relief and rehabilitation, the team has established a strong partnership with local government, panchayati raj institutions and grass root level organisations. Following the logical conclusion of the relief and rehabilitation phase, VHAI planned for long term development initiatives to focus on the broad health needs of vulnerable communities and addressing their health determinants. Work was also initiated with local communities for disaster preparedness as well as increased health awareness. Gradually, management of two primary health care centres (PHC) in collaboration with Andaman and Nicobar administration was initiated under public-private partnership
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